THE MODERN JOURNAL OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS (MJAL) is a bi–monthly International journal, concerned with all branches of language and linguistics with preference given to articles of practical interests.

MJAL makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “Content”) contained in its publications. Its aim is to present work of current interest in all areas of language and linguistics studies (including language teaching, language testing, ESP, Pragmatics, CALL, Sociolinguistics, Language Learning Problems , Discourse Analysis, Curriculum Development, Classroom Research , Language Policy , Stylistics and So on ) . Also, a considerable number of pages in each issue are devoted to critical book review. slot gacor

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The Modern Journal of applied Linguistics(mjal) ISSN: 097487 is enlisted in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). The DOAJ service covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. DOAJ aims to cover all subjects ,languages and Linguistics . There are now 21019 journals in the DOAJ directory. Currently 21019 journals are searchable at article level. As of today 272684 articles are included in the DOAJ service. The DOAJ head office is located in Sweden, in Lund University Libraries. oxplay

PeerReviewPolicy:
All research articles in this journal have undergone rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening and anonymized refereeing by two anonymous referees. All review, invited, opinion, and reflective papers in this journal have undergone editorial screening and peer review.
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The Modern journal of Applied Linguistics (MJAL)
All rights reserved. No part of this journal may be reproduced in any form, by Photostat, microfilm, xerography, or any other means without permission in writing from the copy right owner.

Editorial Board
1.Dr.N.RajasekaranNair,Ph.D.
Editor & Chief advisor of MJAL
Formerly Professor of Linguistics
Department of Linguistics
Annamalai University
Annamalainagar – 608 002
India

Dr.Rajasekharan Nair.N is a formerly Professor of Linguistics, Department of Centre of Advanced study in Linguistics in Annamalai University, India. He has 31 years of experiences in teaching linguistics, has traveled widely, written and edited several books on linguistics and undertaken projects in applied linguistics. His special interests include teaching syntax and applied linguistics. Besides, he is also an editorial member in Indian linguistics journal, Pune. Presently, he is a chief –advisor and editor of the modern Journal of applied linguistics.

2.Dr.R.NARAYANAN,
Lecturer in English, Department of English,
University College of Engineering ,
Arni (A constituent College Of Anna University Chennai)
S V Nagaram , Thiruvanamalai Dist , Arni.

Dr.R.Narayanan is a Lecturer in English , Department of English , University College of Engineering , Arni (A Constitute College of Anna University Chennai). His interests include Indian writing in English, Applied linguistics, English language teaching, CALL and ESP. He has presented research papers in both national and international conferences and seminars and published his research papers in various national and international journals such as IATEFL-VOICE, Karen’s Linguistics issues, Language in India, Iranian journal of language studies, ET professionals, the journal of Indian linguistics and journal of English language teachers. He holds an MA (English literature), an MA (Linguistics), an Mphil (Indian writing in English) and a PhD in Applied Linguistics. Besides, He holds a DJM&C; and a BLIS. He is a member of English language teachers Association of India, Chennai, International Association of teachers of English As a foreign language, UK, Linguistics society of Indian, Pune and an active member in international Human Rights Organization, USA. Besides, he is an editorial member of Iranian Journal of Language studies and he is also a group-member in International Professors’ Project (ipp) of ESL. He edits the modern journal of Applied Linguistics.

3.Dr Mohammad Ali Salmani Nodoushan
Researcher at the Great Persian Encyclopedia Foundation of Iran
No 1753, Zafaraniyeh, Vali Asr Street, Tehran, IRAN.
Researcher at the Great Persian Encyclopedia Foundation of Iran

Dr Mohammad Ali Salmani-Nodoushan is a Researcher at the Great Persian Encyclopedia Foundation of Iran. He has been teaching BA and MA courses at various Iranian Universities for the past fifteen year and is a member of the editorial boards of Asian EFL Journal, The Linguistics Journal, and I-Manager’s Journal of Educational Technology. He is also editor-in-chief of Iranian Journal of Language Studies (IJLS). His areas of interest include language testing, applied linguistics, socio-linguistics, CALL and ESP. He edits international papers in the MJAL.

4.Prof.Amy Huang
International ESL Centre
US
ESL teacher at Guangdong University of Foreign Studies

Prof. AMY HUANG is the founding leader of International ESL Center. She obtained an M.A. degree in English Language and Literature from Nanjing University, China. She was an ESL teacher at Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, China. Currently, she is a freelance translator and Mandarin tutor. Her passion has always been education, ESL teaching and translation. She edits English as a second language column in MJAL.

5.Dr.S.Robert Gnanamony, PhD
Professor of English,
Department of English
Kalasalingam University,
Srivilliputtur, Tamil Nadu, India

Dr.S.Robert Gnanamony, Professor of English, Department of English, Kalasalingam University, Srivilliputtur, Tamil Nadu, India. He has been in recognized collegiate (tertiary) service with youngsters for more than three decades. He is a dedicated and inspiring English language teacher and researcher. Besides, he has authored two books and published 52 research papers in national and international journals and been invited to deliver talks and workshops at conference all over India. He edits stylistics column in the MJAL.

6.DR. Krushna chandra mishra
Reader & head, Dept. of English
Government College,Bomdila-790001
Arunachal Pradesh
MobileNo: 09436632154
India

Dr.Krushna Chandra Mishra has been involved in teaching English as a second language, advanced grammar and applied English skills and literature and English language teaching for more than 20 years. His interests include ELT, literature-British, Indian writings, translations from Indian languages, tribal folk literature and human rights and development issues. Besides, he has authored three books and presented 37 research papers in national and international conferences, seminars and workshops. He has been involved in educating distance learners in Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, Rajiv Gandhi University, Arunachal Pradesh, and Indira Gandhi Open University. He edits methods and methodology column in the MJAL.

7.Dr. S. Senthilnathan, M.A. (ENG), M.A. (J&MC), M.Ed., PhD (ELT)
Lecturer & Dy. Co-ordinator, UGC-SAP (DRS)
Department of EducationalTechnology
BharathidasanUniversity
Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.

Dr.S.Senthilnathan has been involved in English language teaching more than 15 years. He holds postgraduate degree in English, Journalism and Mass Communication and Education. His PhD is in the field of Education. His interests include ICT in Education, Educational Multimedia and English Language Teaching. He is a faculty in the Department of Educational Technology, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India. He has been served as ELT practitioner in coimbatore institute of technology, KG College of nursing, PSG Institute of management. Besides, Dr.senthilnathan is widely recognized as a consultant to commonwealth of learning, Canada in open and distance learning materials development and also served as a member of the board of management UGC –educational multi media Research centre (EMMRC), Madurai Kamaraj University. He edits CALL column in the MJAL.

8.Dr.R.GowrishankarM.A., B.Ed., M.Phil., Ph.
Vyasarpadi, Chennai – 39

Dr.R.Gowrishankar is a lecturer in English, Dr.Ambedkar Govt Arts College, Chennai. His interests include creative writing in English, English language teaching, CALL and ESP. He has been presented research papers in both national and international conferences and has been published his research papers in various national and international journals. He holds an MA (English), a BEd, an Mphil (Eng) and a PhD in ELT. He has been invited to deliver talks and workshops at conferences in all over India. He has been interacted and guided young researcher scholars in English language teaching for a decade. He edits ELT column in the MJAL.

9.Dr. Iyyappan
Lecturer
Department of English
Faculty of Arts – Jafara
Al Fateh University
Tripoli
LIBYA

Dr. S. Iyyappan has been teaching English language for more than 9 years at tertiary level. Currently, he is in the department of English, Anna University Tiruchirappalli, India. During his post-graduation at Presidency College, Chennai, he carried out a project on English Language Teaching in Classrooms. Later he was conferred Ph.D. based on his thesis on his work on American Literature. He has 5 years research experience in literature and linguistics. His area of interest is English Language Literature. Besides, he guides research scholars in Applied linguistics for Mphil and PhD degrees. He is a recognized trainer for business English Certificate course at Cambridge University and He is a member of board of studies in VMRF. He has been active member of the ELTAI AND IATEFL. He Edits ELT column in the MJAL.

10.Dr.LALITHA RAJA, Ph.D
Lecturer in CAS Linguistics
Department of Linguistics
ANNAMALAIUNIVERSITY
Annamalainagar-608 002
Tamil Nadu,India.

Dr.R.Lalitha Raja is a lecturer in CAS Linguistics at Department of Linguistics, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar. Her interests include Psycholinguistics & Clinical Linguistics. She has presented her research papers in both national and international conferences and published her research papers in various national and international journals. She holds an MA (Linguistics), an MA (Psychology) and a PhD in Applied Linguistics. Besides, she holds a Diploma in French, a PG Diploma in Computational linguistics and a PG Diploma in guidance and counseling. She is a member of various professional bodies. Besides, she has undertaken various UGC sponsored Projects in Linguistics. She edits psycholinguistics Column in the modern journal of Applied Linguistics.

11.Dr.Pedro Luis Luchini,
Professor Pedro Luis Luchini
Adjunct Professor at Universidad Nacional
de Mar del Plata,
Head of the Language Department at
Universidad CAECE,
Head of the English Department at Colegio
Atlántico del Sur Pronunciation Instructor at IDRA
Mar del Plata, Argentina.

English Language Teacher graduated from Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMDP), Argentina. Master in Arts in English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, King’s College, University of London. Doctorate Student in Letters, UNMDP. Thesis title: The Pathways of Phonology in the English language teachin/learning process. In charge of Oral Discourse II and Advanced Communication I and teaching assistant to Advanced Communication II at the Teacher Training Program, UNMDP. Head of the Language Department at Universidad CAECE, Argentina. Head of the English language Department at CADS (Colegio Atlántico del Sur), Mar del Plata, Argentina. Also teaches Phonetics and Phonology III and IV at the Teacher Training Program, Instituto Superior IDRA, Mar del Plata, Argentina. 1997: Taught Spanish at the College of DuPage, Illinois, USA (Fulbright Scholar), 2003: Taught English at Shanghai Normal University, China. 2007: FEP Scholarship, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada. 2009: Doctoral Student Award, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada. Has published extensively in local as well as in international referred journals in the areas of: Reading, Writing, and Speaking skills. His main areas of interest are Applied English Phonology and the teaching of English as an International Language.